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Mold, Fungus, & Fungi Terms, Meaning, & Definitions

MOLD: A fungus or fungi that eats and grows on and in damp or high moisture or decaying organic matter.  Also spelled MOULD in most nations other than U.S.A. and Philippines.

TOXIC BLACK MOLD: A fungus or fungi that emits chemical mycotoxin poisons that become airborne & cause serious human health diseases. Toxic black mold is the brain-damaging Stachybotrys toxic mold [often misspelled  Stachybotris].

FUNGUS: A parasitic plant lacking chlorophyll, a rigid cell wall, leaves, true stems & roots. Multicellular. Composed of thread- like hyphae. Reproduces by spores.

MOLD SPORE: A small reproductive fungal cell that is resistant to unfavorable environmental conditions such as no water, & is capable of mold reproduction fungal growth when water & organic materials to eat exist.

HYPHAE: Fungi usually are filamentous, with the single filaments being termed hyphae. Fungal hyphae grow and branch to make a filament network [mycelium].

DORMANT MOLD: Mold or fungus [fungi] that is inactive and awaiting future moisture and food to begin mold fungal reproduction and growth. 

MOLD INSPECTION: The thorough physical examination of a building by a CERTIFIED MOLD INSPECTOR to find & locate visual & hidden mold and fungal growth & water problems that enable mold and fungus spores to grow into mold colony infestations. Includes mold testing & mold laboratory analysis of collected mold samples and samplings.  Certified mold inspection and mold tests are often necessary to file a  mold  insurance claim.

MOLD INVESTIGATION: Advanced, in depth mold inspection and mold tests to find all mold infestation inside a building.

CERTIFIED TOXIC MOLD INVESTIGATOR: a mold professional who has been trained and certified by the Certified Mold Inspectors & Contractors Institute.

MOLD TESTING: Collection by a CERTIFIED MOLD INSPECTOR of direct physical samples of visible mold, mold, fungi, and of indoor air samples in rooms, attic, crawl space, basement, & heating & air conditioning equipment & ducts, so that the mold samplings can be grown by a mold lab in mold culture plates [viable mold testing] to produce full- grown mold colonies for mold laboratory analysis & identification by the mold laboratory.

MOLD-TEST-KIT: Do-it-yourself sampling of room & HVAC air,  & physical sampling of visible mold fungal growth into easy-to-use mold culture plates for mold lab identification.

MOLD INSPECTOR: A mold professional who has been specially trained in the detection of toxic  mold  and fungal contamination in homes, condos, apartments, offices, & commercial buildings. The mold fungus expert inspector utilizes high-tech inspection devices such as  moisture meter [to find water problems hidden  inside walls, ceilings, and floors], fiber optics [to look inside walls & ceilings for mold infestation],  timed mold culture plate impactor, air sampling pump & cassettes, & hygrometer [to check for the high level humidity that mold can grow in].

CERTIFIED MOLD INSPECTOR: A professional mold inspector who has been trained and certified by Ecology College and the Professional Certification Institute.

MOLD ANALYSIS LABORATORY: A scientific mold laboratory or microbiology laboratory that specializes in, or provides, the analysis, identification, and quantification of mold and fungus [fungi] species from mold and fungus samples and samplings.

VIABLE MOLD TEST: Immediate microscopic analysis of the collected substance to determine: (1) whether it is mold fungus or not; (2) if mold, how many mold and fungus [fungi] spores are present in sample; and (3) where possible, to identify the few mold and fungi species that can be visually identified without the highly accurate viable mold lab analysis done after 5-7 days' mold culture plate growth..

CHAIN OF CUSTODY: A mold laboratory form which is completed by the CERTIFIED MOLD INSPECTOR who collects the mold and fungus samples to record the details of the MOLD SAMPLING work done, and to document both the transfer of custody of the mold samplings directly from the inspector to the mold lab, & their receipt by the analysis lab.

The safe & complete killing & removal of mold and fungus spores & mold fungi colony growth from mold contaminated  homes and other buildings. Effective mold and fungus remediation usually requires the removal of mold-damaged building materials and the use of a fungicide to kill mold and fungi and an antimicrobial coating to prevent future mold growth & danger. Usually MOLD REMOVAL is done by a CERTIFIED MOLD REMEDIATOR or CERTIFIED MOLD CONTRACTOR.

MOLD REMEDIATOR: A mold fungus professional who has been specially trained as a mold fungal remediation specialist  for toxic mold and fungi detection, mold and fungi decontamination, mold fungi inspection, mold and fungal testing, mold and fungi sampling, mold prevention, mold and fungus remediation, mold and fungus removal. 

CERTIFIED MOLD REMEDIATOR. A mold remediation professional who has been trained and certified by the Ecology College and the Professional Certification Institute.
An effective, safe, and quick indoor mold and fungus killer and mold fungi disinfectant registered with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

ANTIMICROBIAL COATING. After all moldy building materials have been removed & the area has been cleaned and disinfected with a fungicide, an antimicrobial coating is sprayed onto the mold-free surfaces & new replacement building materials to protect them against future mold growth. In addition, there should be at least one or two wet sprayings of the wood protectant Tim-bor [also EPA-registered as a fungicide].

MOLD TRAINING and MOLD EDUCATION: Mold instruction, education, & certification at a professional toxic mold school, mold class, mold seminar, or mold course for mold inspection, mold testing, mold fungus remediation, mold fungi removal, mold fungus prevention, and  mold business practices.

MOLD REPORT: A written presentation from a
CERTIFIED MOLD INSPECTOR to his client of his physical building  inspection findings & mold and fungus sampling mold lab results, detailed analysis thereof, and recommendations for specific mold fungi remediation & fungus removal steps required to remove any mold problem documented in the mold report.

MOLD MAINTENANCE: Mold and fungus prevention requires effective and regular building mold fungal maintenance to prevent roof leaks, water leaks, water problems, mold-causing high humidity, and toxic mold fungal growth.

MOLD DECONTAMINATION and MOLD DETOXIFICATION: Safe, effective & total removal of mold and fungus spores & mold growth from buildings & personal possessions.

MOLD LAWYER: An environmental attorney, environmental lawyer, or mold attorney who specializes in prosecuting or defending mold-related legal problems and lawsuits.

MOLD ALLERGY: Human allergic reaction [such as skin rashes, open sores, and respiratory problems] from exposure to airborne mold and fungus spores & indoor mold growth.

ALLERGEN: Any substance, such as pollen, mold or fungi, or animal dander, that can trigger allergic response in humans and pets.

SICK BUILDING SYNDROME: an environmentally unhealthy house or other building containing mold fungal infestation, biological contamination, or lead paint, asbestos, radon, etc., resulting in serious health problems for its occupants.


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